“When Burroughs read aloud from his book “Naked Lunch” in the gallery in Austrasse in 1979, he created an avant-garde achievement with us.“(Miklos von Bartha)
William S. Burroughs visited Basel exactly twenty years after the publication of his legendary book “Naked Lunch”, together with Brion Gysin at the invitation of the art dealer Carl Laszlo1. He not only managed to completely shock Basel society with a reading from the novel at Galerie von Bartha, but he and Gysin also found in Miklos von Bartha someone who was able to construct the first fully functional Dreamachine.
“At the beginning of the reading there were about 50 people present, but gradually the premises emptied out. In the end, apart from the author, Brion Gysin, Carl Laszlo, Margareta and myself, only the legendary art lover Jacotte von Goldschmidt-Rothschild was still present. She remained, unshakeable until the end of the reading… the dinner in the Bodega afterwards was great!” (Miklos von Bartha)
Galerie von Bartha is pleased to announce William S. Burroughs & Brion Gysin – The Dreamachine, an extensive retrospective of the universe around the Beat Generation from November 16 2019 through February 1, 2020. In addition to original construction plans, prototypes of the Dreamachine, archival photographs and numerous works by artists from the Beat Generation will be on display. Extensive photographic documentation, from for example Radar Magazine, impressively demonstrates the numerous points of contact between the Basel intellectual scene and New York in the 1970s and 1980s.
William S. Burroughs
William S. Burroughs (1914 – 1997) studied English literature at Harvard and attended lectures in medicine at the University of Vienna before meeting Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac in New York in 1943/44. He became a drug addict and shortly afterwards settled in Mexico, where he began working on his novel Junkie. In the early fifties he travelled through several South American countries to explore the drug “Yage”. 1958/1959 he stayed at the legendary Beat Hotel in Paris together with Brion Gysin, where he finished the novel „Naked Lunch“.
Brion Gysin (1916 – 1986) first worked as a painter in the Surrealist tradition, then moved to Tangier in Morocco where he ran a bar and worked as an artist and novelist. There he met William S. Burrouhgs who was inspired by the cut-up technique invented by Gysin to create novels like “Naked Lunch”. In the early 1960s, Gysin designed the first Dreamachine with the help of mathematician Ian Sommerville.
Carl Laszlo (1923 – 2013) studied medicine in Pécs (Hungary), followed by deportation to Auschwitz. In autumn 1945 Laszlo moved to Basel where he continued his medical studies. His medical studies were abandoned and he then began to study Psychoanalysis, which in turn led him to discover Surrealism. He ran a private gallery in Basel for many years, wrote plays and several books, was editor of the magazines Panderma and Radar, and participated intensively in international cultural events.
A Dreamachine is a perforated paper tube, which is illuminated from the inside by light bulbs and placed on a turntable. Holes are cut into the tube according to a specific pattern devised by Gysin. The observer sits at eye level with his eyes closed in front of the Dreamachine. If the “dream machine” is constructed correctly and set at the right rpm, it emits light waves between 8-13Hz, the exact rhythm of the alpha waves in the brain. These prevail during the alpha status, which is the state of the brain in the stages of meditation or early stages of sleep. Alpha waves are associated with a healthy state of mind and a relaxed life.